Category: Uncategorized Tags: Author:Dale
I harvested my ‘German White’ hard-neck garlic on Saturday. I created a new 16 ft. X 4 ft. bed last fall and planted 4 rows of 55 cloves each last November. My investment was 10 lbs. of garlic ($50) for planting, 4 bags of compost ($16) and some fertilizer ($3)- a total of $69. I don’t put a $ value on my gardening time- it’s a gift to myself, my family and friends.
I also harvested garlic greens and scapes from April through June that would have cost another $20.And with the garlic out of the ground I’m ready to come back with a double row of bush beans that I’ll put in the freezer.
Gardening is full of surprises, especially for a novice like me. I became a Master Gardener in Washington County in April 2009. This is also my first year “seriously” growing food. For the past three years in Keedysville I grew a few cherry tomato plants and herbs. Prior to that, as an apartment dweller in Bethesda, I unsuccessfully tried to grow numerous potted rosemary and basil plants on the sunniest windowsill that I had.
Earlier this month, while examining the four flat-leaved parsley plants growing in my new, very sunny, square foot garden (4’x4′ raised beds following the “All New Square Foot Garden” method of Mel Bartholomew), I was startled to see a caterpillar.
My first reaction was, “You don’t belong on MY food! I’m going to pick you up and squish you under my garden clog!” Fortunately for the crawling creature, I’m not yet used to touching caterpillars, and I wasn’t wearing gloves. The bug was saved by my second reaction–curiosity.
It reminded me of another caterpillar I’d seen last July in my native garden. It was so striking I sent its photo to my Master Gardener friend Marney Bruce, who promptly identified it as a Monarch caterpillar.
Annette Ipsan, Extension Educator at the Maryland Cooperative Extension (MCE), Washington County, identified the first caterpillar. It had also shown up in the curly parsley we’re growing at the Washington County Demo Garden, and is a Black Swallowtail (unsurprisingly, it’s also known as “parsleyworm”). We think the weird one may have been an early instar–one of the younger growing phases–of the Black Swallowtail; though perhaps not, because it may be too large. Can you identify this guy?
Key lessons I learned from my experiences:
Having discussed the critters chomping on my parsley, here’s how we enjoy it:
On a routine inspection of the vegetable garden at the governor’s mansion, I was horrified to find that the tomato plant in one of the containers was covered with mealy bugs. First off, I had never seen mealy bugs on a tomato plant. Now, they were here at the mansion. My head started spinning wondering what to do. I brought nothing to combat these fuzzy foes. And this is the mansion! It has to be perfect, right?
I took a deep breath to compose myself and put on my detective’s cap. Of the four containers we planted, all had a tomato plant. All but one had herbs and flowers to attract beneficial insects. The other had a mesclun mix and a sweet potato vine planted with it. This particular container was also the one with the least amount of sun. And, you guessed it, the one with the mealy bugs. Just coincidence? I think not.
Since I had no weapons of mealy bug destruction, I knew I had to return later with a game plan. As it turns out, I could not get back for two days. I returned with a bottle of rubbing alcohol, a whole pack of cotton balls and a spray bottle with soapy water. Once again, panic set in. How much damage can mealy bugs do in two days? Should I have brought a hazardous materials suit like the fire department wears? Maybe I should have brought new plants as replacements. Do you think anyone would notice if I just repotted the container?
As I turned the corner, I expected to see one big massive mealy bug ball of fuzz. To my surprise, I could still see a tomato plant, a sweet potato vine and mesclun mix. When I got up close, I could still see mealy bugs but there was no additional damage. I armed myself with the alcohol and cotton balls and went to work. Somehow, I found great pleasure in eradicating them one by one.
Wait a minute, why does that one look so funny? Then it hit me. As a Master Gardener, I find myself at plant clinics telling people not to panic. Beneficial insects will come. I took a break from my high speed killing frenzy to once again make a thorough examination. I discovered an army of lacewing nymphs happily consuming my fuzzy little nightmares. They were grabbing them by the throat and sucking the life out of them. Okay, maybe that’s a bit dramatic but I suffered through two days of agony because of those mealy bugs.
Although the nymphs were doing a fine job, I still could not resist wiping out a few more on my own. Sorry fellas, you can’t have them all!
Wineberry (Rubus phoenicolasius)is an Asian bramble species that produces luscious fruit in mid-summer. I know gardeners who have discovered the plant in wild and semi-wild areas, tasted the fruit, and then propagated the plant in their landscapes from root cuttings. BIG MISTAKE!
This exotic invasive prefers wet areas and can be found choking out native plants throughout Maryland. You may be able to manage it in your landscape but animals will spread seeds far and wide. Cut it down or treat it with a systemic herbicide (glyphosate, triclopyr) if you find it on your land. Plant blackberry, raspberry and blueberry if you’re looking for delicious fruit that won’t get out of control.
Many Master Gardeners have related successful experiences with the lasagna garden method of creating new garden beds. Pat Lanza has popularized these techniques in her books, which I am determined to read. The concept is simple: cover areas of turf with newspaper or cardboard and then apply layers of organic materials, like shredded leaves, grass clippings, and compost. Over time, everything breaks down and so that you can plant seeds and seedlings directly into the bed without digging and turning the soil.
This fits perfectly with sustainable gardening- build up and conserve organic matter and prevent soil erosion and nutrient run-off. The added bonus is no weeds! But as a person who loves to see, smell, and feel soil, I was having a bit of a tough time embracing the concept. Well, we put it to an initial test this spring in one of the 4 new beds at the Grow It Eat It demo garden at the Central Maryland Research and Education Center in Ellicott City.
Newspaper was laid on an 8-ft. X 8-ft. area of turf in April and then covered with a 2-in. layer of LeafGro- a commercial yard waste compost. This picture was taken May 8. The grass clippings on the bed are from weed whacking the walkways (we then covered the walkways with shredded pine bark mulch). The edges of the newspaper are still visible.
Linda Branagan is the Howard Co. Master Gardener tending this demo garden. We’ll report on yields later. For now, I’d give this method a big thumbs-up.
Hello! Here’s a much belated report from the Derwood Demo Garden in Montgomery County, delayed by the demise of my old computer and the adjustment to a new one. Luckily most of my files were backed up, but I still have to make occasional forays into the old hard drive to retrieve data in the five minute intervals I’m allowed before the machine shuts down on me again, which is sort of like making little runs out into the garden to get something done in between rain storms, though not very much.
We’ve actually been pretty lucky in the demo garden this rainy spring, as most of our work days haven’t exactly been rained out, just dampened slightly… well, during part of the last one what could have been described as mist when we got there turned into something a little more like water forming definite drops and succumbing to the force of gravity pretty hard, but, we kept telling ourselves, those of us who were still there when we looked around, it was Not Rain. And then the Not Rain cleared up, and the sun came out, and it got rather hot and humid, and guess what we’ll be complaining about for the rest of the summer?
Anyway, the weeds are doing very well this year. Both the traditional weeds like thistle and deadnettle and ground ivy and wood sorrel and whatever the tall thing with the white flowers behind the fence is, which are the fault of the universe, and the plants in the wrong place that can’t be blamed on anyone but us. Fennel, first of all. Someone (ahem) has been too indulgent with fennel. But no more. See this little patch of it among the tall bee balm plants I’m putting in?
That’s all we are allowing ourselves this year. It looks harmless enough now, but just wait till August when it is five feet tall and, if we let it have its way, covering the entire garden. It tastes great, it is a great attractor of butterflies and other beneficial insects, and it’s pretty, but I am cutting the tops off before it goes to seed, and we’ll still be digging it out all over for the next few years.
The other one is my fault. We had a Latin American garden last year, and I put in grain amaranth as part of the Central American heritage display, and let it go to seed, and there are little red seedlings everywhere this year. It’s actually very pretty – look at it, glowing in the sun on a day we actually had sun:
And that was after we thought we’d weeded. It looks like that every week. It is not, I note, so pretty when it gets five feet tall (note a theme here?) and turns kind of greeny-red and falls over. Grow it, or its relatives (I, er, actually put in Amaranth ‘Illumination’ last week in the Edible Beauty bed), but let them die young and lovely.
At least we know better than to grow mint.
The basic rules of weeds and other undesirables:
Don’t let plants go to seed if they have a reputation for being promiscuous. If you don’t know, play it safe. Of course your gardening friends will tell you that such-and-such never self-seeds and then it will, all over your garden, laughing, but that just means you have better soil and a more welcoming environment than your friends, so you can feel good about that while you weed for hours.
Also watch out for things with taproots or roots that leave bits of themselves in the soil when pulled (or get chopped up when tilled). Don’t leave them in your garden and don’t put them in your compost. The second part of that is pretty easy.
Cover your soil! There are many options. I like the low-tech newspaper and leaf-mulch method. Don’t be afraid to use full sections of the newspaper at once. This is difficult if you have already switched to the online edition, however.
On a more positive note, I can report that our Grow It Eat It 10×10 foot trial bed has so far produced 5 pounds of spinach, 2 pounds of lettuce, and 4 ounces of snow peas. I didn’t expect any peas at all this spring, since we got started so late, but the cool weather cooperated. You can play along – tell me what prices you’re paying in grocery stores and farmer’s markets for these products, and at the end of the season we’ll have the calculation of how much our little garden saved its supposed owners. (Actually, they would have done much better, since they would have planted their peas in March, harvested their lettuce more frequently, and would be able to keep up with picking, watering, and insect control more regularly over the season than we can, visiting only once a week.)
Speaking of visiting, anyone reading this is more than welcome to visit our garden; it is open at any time the park is open. Directions here. We work Thursday mornings from 8 to noon, but if you would like a tour at another time please email firstname.lastname@example.org and we’ll see what we can do.
I leave you with a picture of a productive garden bed badly in need of weeding. Next time you get the tidy pictures, but I thought I’d make you feel good today. (Photos by Nick Smith.)